Posts tagged ‘GOOD’

This is a GOOD Sign for the United States

Thomas Friedman, and many others, think it is a sign of America's decline and some sort of failure of government will that other countries are building super-massive showcase infrastructure projects while we are not.  They would take this chart as a sign of decline:


I disagree.  This is a sign of growing maturity on the part of the United States.  Many of these super-tall building projects make little economic sense, but are completed to validate the prestige of emerging nations, like teenage boys comparing penis sizes.  Grown men are beyond that behavior, just as are grown-up nations.  I discussed this in the context of rail a while back at Forbes.  In that case, it seems everyone thinks the US is behind in rail, because it does not have sexy bullet trains.  But in fact we have a far more developed freight network than any other country, and shift of transport to rail makes a much larger positive economic and environmental impact for cargo than for rail.  It comes down to what you care about -- prestige or actual performance.   Again choosing performance over prestige is a sign of maturity.**

The US had a phase just like China's, when we were emerging as a world economic and political power, and had a first generation of successful business pioneers who were unsure how to put their stamp on the world.  So they competed at building tall buildings.   Many of the tallest were not even private efforts.  The Empire State Building was a crony enterprise from start to finish, and ended up sitting empty for years.  The World Trade Center project (WTC) was a complete government boondoggle, built by a public agency at the behest of the Rockefeller family, who wanted to protect its investments in lower Manhattan.  That building also sat nearly empty for years.   By the way, the Ken Burns New York documentary series added a special extra episode at the end after 9/11 on the history of the WTC and really digs in to the awful crony and bureaucratic history of that project.  Though Burns likely did not think of it that way, it could as easily be a documentary of public choice theory.  His coverage earlier in that series of Robert Moses (featuring a lot of Robert Caro) is also excellent.

** I have always wondered if you could take this model further, and predict that once-great nations in decline (at least in decline relative to their earlier position) might not re-engage with such prestige projects, much like an aging male seeking out the young second wife and buying a Porche.

Update:  Here is part of what I wrote on US vs. European and Japanese railroading, which I think is an absolutely awesome example of where the triumphalists like Friedman go wrong:

In particular, both Friedman and Epstein think we need to build more high speed passenger trains.  This is exactly the kind of gauzy non-fact-based wishful thinking that makes me extremely pleased that these folks do not have the dictatorial powers they long for.   High speed rail is a terrible investment, a black hole for pouring away money, that has little net impact on efficiency or pollution.   But rail is a powerful example because it demonstrates exactly how this bias for high-profile triumphal projects causes people to miss the obvious.

Which is this:  The US rail system, unlike nearly every other system in the world, was built (mostly) by private individuals with private capital.  It is operated privately, and runs without taxpayer subsidies.    And, it is by farthe greatest rail system in the world.  It has by far the cheapest rates in the world (1/2 of China’s, 1/8 of Germany’s).  But here is the real key:  it is almost all freight.

As a percentage, far more freight moves in the US by rail (vs. truck) than almost any other country in the world.  Europe and Japan are not even close.  Specifically, about 40% of US freight moves by rail, vs. just 10% or so in Europe and less than 5% in Japan.   As a result, far more of European and Japanese freight jams up the highways in trucks than in the United States.  For example, the percentage of freight that hits the roads in Japan is nearly double that of the US.

You see, passenger rail is sexy and pretty and visible.  You can build grand stations and entertain visiting dignitaries on your high-speed trains.  This is why statist governments have invested so much in passenger rail — not to be more efficient, but to awe their citizens and foreign observers.

But there is little efficiency improvement in moving passengers by rail vs. other modes.   Most of the energy consumed goes into hauling not the passengers themselves, but the weight of increasingly plush rail cars.  Trains have to be really, really full all the time to make for a net energy savings for high-speed rail vs. cars or even planes, and they seldom are full.  I had a lovely trip on the high speed rail last summer between London and Paris and back through the Chunnel — especially nice because my son and I had the rail car entirely to ourselves both ways.

The real rail efficiency comes from moving freight.  As compared to passenger rail, more of the total energy budget is used moving the actual freight rather than the cars themselves.  Freight is far more efficient to move by rail than by road, but only the US moves a substantial amount of its freight by rail.    One reason for this is that freight and high-speed passenger traffic have a variety of problems sharing the same rails, so systems that are optimized for one tend to struggle serving the other.

Freight is boring and un-sexy.  Its not a government function in the US.  So intellectuals tend to ignore it, even though it is the far more important, from and energy and environmental standpoint, portion of transport to put on the rails.  In fact, the US would actually probably have even a higher rail modal percentage if the US government had not enforced a regulatory regime (until the Staggers Act) that favored trucks over rail.   If the government really had been asleep the last century, we would be further along.

Healthcare Deductibles Rising -- Why This is GOOD News

Things like Obamacare cannot be discussed, it seems, in anything but a political context.  So if you don't like Obamacare, everything that happens has to be bad. But I actually think this is good news, and goes against my fears in advance of Obamacare.  I had been worried that Obamacare would just increase the trends of more and more health care spending being by third-party payers.  And my guess is that this is happening, when you consider how many people have gone from paying cash to having a policy, either a regular policy or expanded Medicaid.

A report out today puts numbers behind what hit many workers when they signed up for health insurance during open enrollment last year: deductible shock.

Premiums for employer-paid insurance are up 3% this year, but deductibles are up nearly 50% since 2009, the report by the Kaiser Family Foundation shows.

The average deductible this year is $1,217, up from $826 five years ago, Nearly 20% of workers overall have to pay at least $2,000 before their insurance kicks in, while workers at firms with 199 or fewer employees are feeling the pain of out-of-pocket costs even more: A third of these employees at small companies pay at least $2,000 deductibles.

“Skin-in-the-game insurance” is becoming the norm,says Kaiser Family Foundation CEO Drew Altman, referring to the higher percentage of health care costs employees have to share.

Honestly, this is good news, sort of.  I don't like the coercion and lack of choice, but the main problem with health care is that the person receiving the benefits is not the person paying the bills, which means there is no incentive to shop or make care tradeoffs.  Higher deductibles mean more people are going to be actively shopping and caring what health services cost, and that is a good thing for prices and health care inflation.

Big Round Number

It is always amazing how big round numbers hold the media in thrall.  Last week we saw the inevitable spate of articles about oil crossing the $100 mark, if only for a few minutes of trading  (actually, the more interesting milestone was somewhere back in the low $90 range when we exceeded the highest past price for oil in inflation-adjusted dollars).

I don't get hugely worked up about gradual commodity price changes.  Oil price increases are signals, signaling marginal consumers to use less and suppliers with historically marginal sources and substitutes to consider their development.  Also, our economic dependence on oil per dollar of GDP has declined, meaning that $100 oil has less impact on the economy than, say, it would have 20 years ago:


I would certainly prefer lower oil prices, and my business suffers to some extent when gas prices rise, but it is not a disaster  (it is interesting that higher oil prices are considered bad in the media, while lower home prices are considered bad in the media).  I know from past experience in the oil patch that oil price bubbles are often followed by oil price drops.  The high oil prices of the seventies were followed by rock-bottom oil prices in the eighties, and subsequent recession in the oil patch (causing the housing bust I discussed here). 

Also, given how we got to these higher oil prices, I tend to take them as good news.  Oil prices are not rising due to some drop off in supply.  Instead, they are rising because of a strong global economy, in particular with millions of people entering the middle class in Asia.  This is GOOD news. 

I have written on peak oil a bunch, so I won't get into it again.  Oil production at worst is going to flatten out for a long time, meaning we will have a steady rise in oil prices over time as the economy grows.  If you want a third party evaluation of peak oil theory, go ask climate catastrophists who believe that CO2 production is an impending disaster for the economy.  These guys know that there are lots of unproduced hydrocarbons out there, and it terrifies them.   Al Gore and James Hansen were running around last week trying to close off Canadian tar sands from development.

Finally, after this series of random thoughts, one more interesting take on this via Megan McArdle:  $100 oil was a stunt

Some observers questioned the validity of the price mark when it
emerged that the peak was the result of a trader "“ one of the "locals"
who trade on their own money "“ buying from a colleague just 1,000
barrels of crude, the minimum allowed, industry insiders said. The deal
on the floor of the New York Mercantile Exchange was at a hefty premium
to prevailing prices.

Insiders named the trader as Richard Arens, who runs a brokerage
called ABS. He was not available for comment. Analysts said he may have
been testing the ceiling of the crude price, but the premium he paid
surprised the market.

Before the $100-a-barrel trade, oil prices on Globex were at $99.53
a barrel. Immediately after the trade, prices went down to about
$99.40, suggesting a trading loss of $600 for Mr Arens.

Stephen Schork, a former Nymex floor trader and editor of the
oil-market Schork Report, commented: "A local trader just spent about
$600 in a trading loss to buy the right to tell his grandchildren he
was the one who did it. Probably he is framing right now the print
reflecting the trade."

Sample Environmental Requirements

Often businesses complain about ridiculously tedious environmental regulation and paperwork, and they don't seem to get much sympathy.  The usual opposing response is just to say "oh, you guys just are mad that you can't dump dioxin in the river any more."

But I am here to tell you -- many of the requirements are really, really detailed, time-consuming, and of questionable value.  To demonstrate this, I am going to let you into my life for a minute.  Among the many recreation facilities we operate (my business described here), we run a small pair of marinas on Blue Mesa Lake in Colorado.  At these marinas we rent boats, have a fuel dock, and do some light boat maintenance for customers.  We are renting the facility from the government (specifically the National Park Service), and as our landlord they provided all the facilities.

When we inherited the facilities from the previous tenant, they were in awful condition.  We have had to spend a lot of money brining the government's facilities up to standard, removing years of hazardous waste, etc.  Our reward was to get audited by the EPA and the NPS.  For those of you who are interested in what environmental regulation looks like to a small business, you may view a pdf of our audit results.  You can't possibly read everything, but skim through the findings to get the general idea.  And as you are reading, note that this is a GOOD audit -- we were actually commended in Washington for the work we had done cleaning up the place.  And still this work list remains.  Remember also while reading this that I don't run a chemical plant or a steel mill, this is a small marina on a lake.

For those who don't want to scoll through all 52 items, here is one, chosen at random:

Audit Finding:
Each container of hazardous chemicals in the workplace was not labeled, tagged, or marked with the following information:
- Identity of the hazardous chemical(s) contained therein; and
- Appropriate hazard warnings.

For example:

  • A white plastic bucket was observed with no label in the flammable cabinet at the maintenance yard;
  • Three unlabeled 55-gallon drums were observed at the maintenance yard, one of which had a sign of leakage;
  • An unlabeled plastic white bottle was observed on one of the blue drums at the maintenance yard;
  • A red flammable container was observed next to the flammable cabinet at the maintenance yard. The cap was not on. It was noted that the container was partially full with water;
  • Two red and one blue unlabeled drums were stored at the back of the maintenance yard. The blue drum had signs of leakage;
  • The carbon dioxide cylinder in use at Pappy's Restaurant had a worn label;
  • Two unlabeled spray bottles were observed in Pappy's Restaurant washing room;
  • An unlabeled bucket was observed in Pappy's Restaurant washing room under a shelf on which detergents are stored;
  • Unlabeled partially full buckets were observed in Pappy's Restaurant washing room;
  • An unlabeled spray bottle was observed in the maintenance room for the showers at Elk Creek; and
  • An spray bottle that contained purple liquid was observed in the shower maintenance room at Lake Fork.  The bottle had a worn label.

Update:  From the looks of this fish, maybe we are putting something odd in the lake!

Update:  Here is another good one:

Audit Finding:
Concessioner staff had not submitted an ozone-depleting substance (ODS)-containing equipment registration form and fee with the State of Colorado.

Good old Colorado.  Colorado is one of the states I have to have a special license to sell eggs

Here is a quick contest -- I will send a free  copy of my book (my global warming book or my novel BMOC) to the first reader who can email me with a link to the correct Colorado web page with information and/or forms for the ODS-containing equipment registration.  I can't find it.

Update 2:  I can be a man and admit when another man has bested me.  So I must admit that though it is my environmental audit, TJIC has a much better post on it than I have.  Maybe because he seems to have read more of it than I have.

I'll Try Again -- Why The Trade Deficit is Not a Debt

After spending gobs of electrons on this post about the US trade deficit explaining why it is not a debt, and is not even necessarily bad, I got a depressing number of comments and emails like this one:

The trade deficit is a debt. We cannot get the dollars back we have
spendt unless we export to get them back. It is called an external debt
for a reason. It is called a current account debto for a reason.

Aaaaargh.  It is depressing that we can get such economic ignorance, particularly in a self-righteous way.  The crappy media coverage of these issues has people convinced that it just has to be this big old debt out there someone is going to have to repay someday. 

OK, I will try again.  But in response to this specific post, it is only called "external debt" or "current account debt" rather than "deficit" by really, really sloppy media people who have no idea what they are talking about (unfortunately, there are a lot of these).  And a deficit is not a debt, though it can sometimes create a debt.

I try to be very respectful of my readers.  I never delete a comment, unless it is spam/bot stuff or in a few cases where commenters have asked me to.  So it is only with the deepest respect that I say the following:  Please do not bother to comment on this post if a) you do not understand the difference between the federal government deficit and the trade deficit and/or b) you do not understand the difference between an account deficit and a debt.  Seriously.  Just take my word for it that you need to educate yourself a bit first, and then feel free to leap into the debate.  (Update:  This was a poor tone to adopt, see here).

First, A Thought Experiment

This is not meant to constitute proof, but for those who are concerned that the trade deficit is potentially disastrous for our economy, I can only ask, When?  Because we have been running a substantial trade deficit as a nation for over a quarter of a century, and by all accounts, over that same time period, we have had just about the strongest economy in the world.  In fact, I would propose that the causation is more likely just the reverse.  Because we have had a strong economy, with extraordinary wealth creation, we have taken some of that wealth and spent it on goods from other nations.  And because we have the safest nation in the world in which to invest, demand for our local investments tends to shift exchange rates in a way that increase the trade deficit.

In the late 80's and early 90's, everyone was in a panic about Japan.  We were running a massive trade imbalance with Japan.  They were going to buy all of our real estate.  Their government was tipping the scales in their own favor.  They were purposefully depressing the yen to encourage exports.  Blah, blah, etc, etc.  And you know what happened?  They subsequently went into a decade and a half long recession they are only just now climbing out of, and we had one of the strongest economies in history. 

How do the Dollars Get Back?

With a couple of exceptions that don't really change our conclusions, dollars do follow a closed loop.  In other words, if we send them to China or India, they generally eventually come back.   The question is how.  To understand this, it is first important to understand that the balance of trade deficit only measures some monetary flows.  In particular, it looks at the balance between manufactured goods traveling between two countries.  If the US has a $20 billion trade deficit with China, it means that they shipped $20 billion more of manufactured goods to us than we shipped back to them.  It includes some but not all services.  It does not include goods or securities or investments purchased by foreigners that remain on US soil.

To understand how the dollars come back from China in a closed loop is to, in a sense, ask the question of what monetary flows are not included in the trade deficit.  If we have a trade deficit with China, there are a number of things it can do with its extra dollars:

  1. It can do nothing with them - just hold them in a big pile
  2. It can lend the money to people buying their products
  3. It can buy certain US services
  4. It can buy US goods, but not take them out of the US
  5. It can buy US public and private securities and real estate

Lets look at each in turn

1.  China can do nothing with them - just hold them in a big pile

Two words:  In-Sane.  By just holding them, they would effectively be sticking them in a mattress and foregoing any interest or investment income.  It's just not going to happen.  And don't say, well they could just put the dollars in a Chinese bank.  Fine, but the only way the Chinese bank is going to pay interest on dollars in the bank is if they turn around and invest the dollars in dollar-denominated investments.  One way or the other, the money, if it does not buy anything else, will get invested, which we will deal with in point 5.

I know there are paranoiacs that worry that the Chinese, despite the financial disincentives, will hold these dollars anyway in a big vault or something out of spite.  Gee, hurt me, hurt me.  Holding our dollars in a big mattress in Peking does nothing to hurt us.  And dumping them all on the market simultaneously may sound scary to conspiracy theorists, but in practice it would hurt them worse than it would hurt us, and the pain would be relatively short-lived  (just ask the Hunt brothers about this strategy).

2.  China can lend the money to people buying their products

I suppose that for those who don't get the federal deficit and the trade deficit mixed up, this is what they assume is happening, that Americans are borrowing from the Chinese to finance manufactured goods purchases.  The only problem is that it is not happening, at least to a greater extent than any normal purchase-financing arrangements.  Take corporations such as Wal-mart, a huge buyer of Chinese stuff.  Is Wal-Mart going into debt to buy Chinese stuff?  No, and certainly not to the Chinese. 

Well, are individual Americans going into debt to buy Chinese.  Maybe, but the key point is that they are not going into debt because what they are buying is Chinese.  They are going into debt because Americans, for whatever reason good or bad, are saving less and choosing to buy more on credit.  This would be happening if what they were buying was Chinese or American made.  In other words, American consumers may have debt, but that debt would exist even if we had no trade deficit with China.  It is a personal choice people are making that has no relation to the source of goods.

3.  China can buy certain US services

Note that many US services are not included in the trade deficit calculations.  If Chinese companies engage McKinsey & Co. consultants in the US to figure out how to sell more stuff to Wal-mart, those payments for services are probably bringing dollars back to the US from China, but aren't included in the trade calculations.  This really is just a subset of point four:

4.  China can buy US goods, but not take them out of the US

Many, many of the dollars the Chinese end up with come back to us in this way.  As did many of the dollars the Japanese had in the eighties.  If a Chinese company uses dollars not to buy US goods and take them back to China, but buy them and consume them in the US, then this does not show up in the trade numbers.  Chinese and Japanese companies bring their US dollars to the US to build factories and infrastructure.  This is sometimes why it is said that the trade deficit is not a measure of differences in cash flows, but of a difference in where goods are consumed. 

If you flip the equation around, the Chinese have a wicked balance of stuff deficit.  They are sending a lot more manufactured goods to the US than they get back.  I could argue that Chinese workers are getting hosed, since they only get to enjoy a fraction of the goods they produce for themselves, since a large portion of the product of their labor is sent overseas for others to enjoy.  Hmmm, doesn't sound so bad that way.

5.  China can buy US public and private securities and real estate

Of course, what happens with a lot of the US dollars the Chinese find themselves with is that these dollars get invested in US investment vehicles, from real estate to government bonds to private equities.  There are several points that need to be made here:

a.  Just Because Chinese invest in US Government Bonds does not make them or the balance of trade responsible for this debt

As I intimated above, a lot of people get the US federal budget deficit confused with the trade deficit.  Making this confusion worse, the Chinese use a lot of the dollars they earn in trade to buy US Government Bonds that help finance the federal budget deficit.  Now, by buying a lot of government bonds, one might argue that the Chinese lower interest rates and make government borrowing easier, thus making the federal budget deficit worse since there is a ready source of debt financing. 

While there may be a link here, it is tenuous at best.  If the government was a private company, then its borrowing level might rationally fluctuate up and down based on interest rates and capital availability.  But the US Government is not this rational.  It runs a budget deficit primarily because legislators and bureaucrats alike have the incentive to spend other people's money to protect their jobs and power base.  This happens equally at 3% interest rates and 9% interest rates.  It happens equally if guys from Peking or Omaha are buying government bonds.  In fact, one could argue that Chinese reinvestment of their trade dollars in US securities actually marginally reduces the government debt by reducing interest costs.

This same argument holds equally true for Chinese investments in private debt.  Chinese dollars may increase borrowing slightly, but only because the influx of their cash reduces borrowing costs.

b.  Chinese Ownership of US Assets is GOOD

In the Japanese scare of the 1980's, everyone was freaked out that the Japanese were buying up American assets and real estate.  During that time, while I almost never play the race card, it was almost impossible not to come to the conclusion that some racism had to be involved in this fear.  America had welcomed, in fact, had prospered, via foreign investment for years.  For a century, the US has been the safest place for foreigners to put their money,something we should be proud of  -- A sign of strength, not weakness.

But suddenly, everything was different because the new buyers were Japanese.  Note the following:

Despite the notoriety of
Japanese investors, the British have the largest U.S. direct investment
holding"”with the Dutch not far behind"”as has been the case since
colonial times. In 1990 the United Kingdom held about 27 percent of
foreign direct investment in the United States, significantly greater
than Japan's 21 percent. The European Economic Community (EC)
collectively holds about 57 percent. Moreover, according to research by
Eric Rosengren, between 1978 and 1987, Japanese investors acquired only
94 U.S. companies, putting them fifth behind the British (640),
Canadians (435), Germans (150), and French (113).

But no one was complaining about the British, Canadians, Germans, or French.  Only the Japanese.  I have to come to the conclusion that there was some racism involved, with the same primal fears at work that caused us to ship US citizens of Japanese decent off to concentration camps in WWII but we did not do the same of citizens of German or Italian decent.  And in this case, it could not have been security concerns.  Since 1945, Japan is one of the most pacifistic nations in the world- we probably face a bigger security threat from Belgium than we do from Japan.

I get the same feeling today with the China panic that I did twenty years ago with Japan.  Its a race and a culture we don't understand well, so we get xenophobic.  People lament that China is a real security threat, and that certainly is true to an extent.  But ask yourself this - Is China more or less of a threat to hurt us if their economy, their financial prosperity, and most of their assets are tied to the US?  Is China more or less stable now that their people are not starving and they are rapidly developing the largest middle class in the world?


If you are still having trouble understanding, the problem may be that you insist on thinking of economics as zero-sum.  This is the fallacy of 18th century mercantilists, who saw the economy as a big fixed tank, and if more flowed overseas than flowed back, the tank level would fall until the country was bankrupt.  There are at least two key fallacies here:

  1. Wealth is not zero-sum.  It is created.  It is expanded.  Some can even be spent frivolously on big ass plasma TV's from China and we are still wealthier than we were decades ago.
  2. Trading has value in both directions.  As mentioned above, looking at only the currency side of trading misses a lot.  By definition, in a free trade, both sides believe the trade increases the value to themselves, or they would not have made the trade.  So trading per se, no matter what the currency flows, can only lead to wealth creation, not its destruction.

Postscript - New Mercantilism

Lamenting the trade deficit is always a precursor to interfering with free trade.  It is important to note that free trade has always led to prosperity, while protectionism has always led to stagnation. 

Several protectionists today are trying to make the argument that OK, that might have been true in the past, but today is different, and today, free trade is uniquely bad.  Economist Paul Craig Roberts made this argument, that, as Don Boudreaux summarizes it:

the American standard of living is threatened by the world's growing
prosperity, improved education, better governance, and greater fluidity
of capital and resources to move in search of higher returns

Boudreaux, a writer at the fabulous Cafe Hayek, does a good fisking of this argument, but I think I can demolish it even faster.  By this logic, California would be better off if the eastern part of the US was suddenly impoverished and made educationally backwards.  This is absurd.   Sure, the industrial east suffered some temporary dislocations as the south modernized and competed for factories.  But this was only temporarily.  As the south got richer, it wasn't a contest between regions for a fixed number of factories, the number of factories and jobs grew, so that all parts of the country had more. 

Is there anyone who thinks that half of the US would be better off
economically if the other half were turned into a third world nation?  Is there any company executive that thinks they could survive if half their market went away?  So why is half the world better off if the other half is impoverished?  If you are saying, gee, the only reason I can come up with is that zero-sum fallacy Coyote keeps talking about, go to the head of the class.

Update:  In comments and emails, my readership educates me that citizens of German and Italian decent were interned in WWII as well.  While I knew that Germans and Italian POW's were interned in large numbers in the US in WWII, I was not aware of internship of US citizens with German or Italian blood, though the programs for these nationals do seem more limited than the west coast movement of Americans of Japanese decent.   My first and second generation German immigrant family members never reported being harassed in any way, either publicly or privately, during the war and most all served either in the US military or war production industries.  I will still stick by my core point that investment in the US by Asian nationals is not treated the same as investment by European or Canadian nationals.

I have also gotten a number of emails and comments on the differences between various trade and current account deficit indicators.  I tried to avoid getting into all that, assuming, I think rightly, that it would just clutter up the argument and would not substantially affect the conclusion.  Just for the record, though, there are many different metrics, that range from narrow measures of manufactured goods flows to much broader measures of capital and services flow.  You can assume that 90% of the time, the media article you are reading about the deficit probably does not correctly describe the metric it is using.


I Told You So (Health Care Edition)

For about a year now, I have been arguing that public funding of health care will be used as a Trojan Horse to introduce a near fascist micro-regulation of our lives.  I argue that if the government is funding health care, then they will claim a financial stake in your health, and begin regulating everything from your food intake to your exercise habits, even your risk choices (e.g. snowboarding).  I made this argument here and here, among other places.  The general reaction has been, "gee Coyote, nice theoretical argument but you can put your tinfoil hat away now.  You are being paranoid."

Well, check this out:    (via Reason)

Another doctor who examined the journal report was Dr. Brian
McCrindle, a childhood obesity expert and professor of pediatrics with
a pediatric hospital in Toronto.

He warned that the looming problem must be addressed.

"The wave of heart disease and stroke could totally swamp the public health care system," he said.

He warned that lawmakers had to take a broader view of the looming
problem "” and consider doing things such as banning trans fats and
legislating against direct advertising of junk food toward children.

"It's not going to be enough any more just to say to the consumer 'You have to change your behavior,'" he said.

Notice that he left the second half of his last sentence unsaid.  That second half is "the government is going to have to force them."  Of course, none of this is an issue if we all have personal responsibility for our own health care costs and therefore for the consequences of our own decisions.

Postscript:  By the way, for anyone older than 30 who grew up in the sixties and seventies when all the intelligentsia were painting pictures of Malthusian starvation nightmares, this is GOOD news:

The percentages of overweight children also are expected to increase
significantly in the Middle East and Southeast Asia. Mexico, Chile,
Brazil and Egypt have rates comparable to fully industrialized nations,
James said.

He estimated that, for example, one in five children in China will be overweight by 2010.

The reason for this is not because of some evil corporate conspiracy (though that's what the article attributes it to) but due to the fact that these kids are simply not starving to death any more.  I am absolutely sure that the public health "crisis" from these overweight kids is less of a problem than the public health crisis of 30 years ago, when they were all malnourished and dying of being, well, severely underweight.  I mean, are there any of you out there in the over 40 crowd who didn't get the "there are starving kids in China" guilt trip growing up when you didn't eat your dinner?